On the difficulty to define the Sharing Economy and Collaborative Consumption - Literature review and proposing a different approach with the introduction of 'Collaborative Services


  • Nguyen Stephanie
  • Llosa Sylvie


  • Online platform
  • Triad
  • Sharing economy
  • Collaborative consumption
  • Collaborative services

document type



While the number of scientific articles related to the sharing economy (SE) and collaborative consumption (CC) has increased significantly over the past few years, many scholars still disagree on a shared definition. The scope itself of the phenomenon remains a subject for debate in the scientific community. Our objective is to compare existing definitions based on a list of different criteria. Recognizing that various interpretations exist throughout the literature, we suggest a different approach focused on the novelty and innovating features: what types of new practices have emerged, that did not exist previously? What are their characteristics and specificities? We propose to name these new types of exchanges ‘collaborative services’.

more information